Senin, 12 Oktober 2009

tugas bahasa inggris

SIMPLE PRESENT AND PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
EXERCISE :
1. Something smells (smell) very good.
2. We are eating (eat) dinner at 7 O’clock tonight.
3. He is practices (practice) the piano evey day.
4. They are driving (drive) to school tomorrow.
5. I believe ( believe) you.
6. Maria has (have) a cold.
7. Jorge is swimming (swim) right now.
8. John hotes (hate) smoke.
9. I’ll always gets (get) up at 6.00 am.
10. Jerry is mowing (mow) the lawn now.


PERSENT PERFECT AND SIMPLE PAST
EXERCISE:
1. John wrote (write) his report last night.
2. Bob has seen (see) this movie before.
3. Jorge has read (read) the newspaper already.
4. Mr. Johnson has work (work) in the some place for thirsty.Five years and he isn’t planning to retire yet.
5. We haven’t began (begin/negative) to study for the test yet.
6. Goerge went (go) the store at ten O’clock this morning.
7. Joan has travel (travel) around the world.
8. Betty wrote (write) a letter last night.
9. Guilarmo called (call) his employer yesterday.
10. We haven’t (see/ negative) this movie yet.


SIMPLE PAST TENSE AND PAST PROGERSSIVE

EXERCISE :
1. Gene was eating (eat) dinner when his friend called.
2. While maria was cleaning the apartment,her husband was sleep (sleep).
3. At there o’clock this morning,Elanor was studying (study).
4. When mark arrived,the johnson’s were having (have) dinner, but they stooped in order to talk to him.
5. John went (go) to france last year.
6. When the teacher entered (enter) the room,the student were talking.
7. While joan was writing the report,henry was looking (look) for more information.
8. We saw (see) this movie last nigt.
9. At one time,Mr Roberts owened (own) this building.
10. Jose was writing (write) a letter to his family when his pencil brooke (break).

CATATAN:
1. SIMPLE PAST :
· Kejadian lampau tetapi sudah selesai.

2. PAST PROGRESSIVE
· Kejadian lampau yang sudah berhenti tetapi ada kejadian yang sedang berlangsung tiba-tiba.
· Cirri selanjutnya yaitu waktu kejadian tidak abstrak misalkan at seven o’clock.
· Kata sambung while adalah salah satu cirinya.


3. SIMPLE PRESENT
· Kejadian rutin sehari-hari.

4. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE
· Terdapat durasi waktu nya.
· Menggunakan V+ing.

Diposkan oleh blog GeG di 20:21 0 komentar



OTHER
1.OTHER WITH COUNT NOUNS
An + other + singular noun (one more)
Ø Another pencil → one more pencil
The + other + singular non ( last of the set)
Ø The other pencil → the last pencil present other + pliral noun ( more of the set)
Ø Other pencils → some more pencils the other + plural noun (the rest of the set)
Ø The other pencils → all remaining pencils
2.OTHER WITH NOUN - COUNT NOUNS
Ø Other + noun count nouns (more ot the set)
Ø Other water → some more water
The other + noun – count noun (all the rest)
Ø The other water → the remaining water.

EXERCISE:
1. This pen isn’t working.Please give me another.
2. If you are still thirsty,I’ll make the other pot of coffee.
3. The dictionary has a page missing.Please give me the other one.
4. The glass of milk is sour.Another glass of milk is sour too.
5. He doesn’t need those book’s.He need the others.
Catatan :
Another and other are non specific while the other is specific. If the subject is understood,one can unit the noun and keep the determiner and other.So that other functions as a pronoun.If it si a plural count noun that is omitted,other becames others.teh word other can never be plural if it is followed by a noun.

Diposkan oleh blog GeG di 20:14 0 komentar




Determiner

Determiners adalah kata yang diletakkan di depan nomina (nouns) yang berfungsi sebagai penanda (noun markers) yang memperjelas makna nomina tersebut. Misalnya kata “people” yang berarti orang, jika ditambah “these” di depannya menjadi “these people”, maka kita menjadi lebih tahu “people” yang mana yang dimaksud. Dan jika dikatakan “a lot of people”, maka kita tahu bahwa yang dimaksud adalah “people” yang jumlahnya banyak. 

Yang termasuk dalam kategori determiners adalah sebagai berikut: 
- Articles (the, a, an) 
- Demonstratives (this, that, these, those) 
- Possessives (my, your, his, her, its, our, their) 
- Quantifiers (a few, a little, much, many, a lot of, most, some, any, enough, etc.) 
- Numbers (one, ten, thirty, etc.) 
- Distributives (all, both, half, either, neither, each, every) 
- Difference words (other, another) 
- Question words (which, what, whose) 
- Defining words (which, whose

Contoh Determiners:
1. He doesn’t have (many/much) money.
2. (A few/little) people left early.
3. I do not want (these/this) water.
4. This is (too many/too much) information.
5. Would tou like (less/fewer) coffee than this?
6. She bought (than/those) cards last night.
7. I would like (a few/a little) salt on my vetegatables.
8. There are (less/fewer) studens in this room that in the next room.
9. There is (too much/ too many) bad news on television tonight.
10.This jacket costs (too much/too many).

Ket : jawaban yang di beri garis bawah


Diposkan oleh blog GeG di 20:06 0 komentar



Articles
1.PENGANTAR
• Hanya ada 3 article dalam Bahasa Inggris : a, an dan the.
• Ada 2 tipe Article dalam Bahasa Inggris, yaitu indefinite a dan an atau definite the.
• JANGAN gunakan article sama sekali untuk membicarakan sesuatu yang masih bersifat umum.
Contoh:
•"Books are expensive." = (Artinya semua buku itu mahal.)
•"The books are expensive." = (Artinya hanya buku yang sedang dibicarakan itulah yang mahal, yang lainnya belum tentu.)

2.INDEFINITE ARTICLE - A - AN (DETERMINER)
"A" dan "AN" termasuk indefinite articles. Keduanya mengacu pada sesuatu yang tidak spesifik terhadap orang yang diajak berbicara. "A"dan "AN" diletakkan sebelum kata benda yang belum pernah Anda sebutkan sebelumnya kepada lawan bicara Anda.
•"I saw an elephant this morning."
•"I ate a banana for lunch
"A" dan "AN" juga digunakan ketika kita berbicara tentang pekerjaan kita.
•"I am an English teacher."
•"I am a builder."




Catatan :
Kita menggunakan a ketika di belakangnya adalah kata benda yang dimulai dengan suara konsonan (BUKAN huruf konsonan). Dan kita menggunakan an ketika kata benda yang berada di belakangnya dimulai dengan bunyi vokal.
• Pada kata "university" kata tersebut dimulai dengan suara "y" dan sepertinya kita mengucapkan "youniversity". Maka article yang dipakai adalah, "a university" BUKAN "an university"
Kemudian pada kata "hour" kita menyebutnya seperti kita mengucapkan "our". Maka, Article yang dipakai adalah "an hour" BUKAN "a hour".

3. DEFINITE ARTICLE - THE (DETERMINER)
Kita memakai " the" ketika kita tahu betul kalau benda yang sedang kita bicarakan sudah dimengerti maksudnya oleh pendengar kita.
•"The apple you ate was rotten."
•"Did you lock the car?"
Kita juga harus menggunakan " the" di depan kata benda yang sudah kita bicarakan sebelumnya. Perhatikan contoh berikut ini.
•"She's got two children; a girl and a boy. The girl's eight and the boy's fourteen."
Gunakan "the" untuk membicakan titik tertentu pada lokasi geografi.
•the North Pole, the equator
Gunakan "the" untuk di depan nama sungai, Samudra dan laut.
•the Nile, the Pacific, the English channel
Gunakan "the" untuk benda yang cuma ada 1 di dunia ini.
•the sun, the wind, the world, the earth, the White House.
Namun jika kita ingin menggambarkan contoh khusus, maka gunakan "a" atau "an".
•"I could hear the wind." / "There's a cold wind blowing."
•"What are your plans for the future?" / "She has a promising future ahead of her."
Kita juga bisa menggunakan "the" untuk mengatakan tentang orang atau benda tertentu yang sudah terkenal.
•"Harry's Bar is the place to go."
•"You don't mean you met the Tony Blair, do you?"

4. TIDAK ADA ARTICLE
Jangan gunakan article di depan kata benda yang bersifat umum.
•Water flows from higher to lower place. (Semua air mengalir dari atas ke bawah, tidak ada air tertentu yang mengalir dari tempat rendah ke tempat tinggi)
•People are worried about rising crime. (Semua orang khawatir akan tingginya kriminalitas)
Jangan gunakan article untuk menyatakan olah raga .
•My son plays football.
•Tennis is expensive.
Jangan gunakan article sebelum kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung (uncountable nouns) ketika kita membicarakannya secara umum.
•Information is important to any organisation.
•Coffee is bad for you.
Jangan gunakan article di depan nama negara KECUALI terdiri dari kata-kata seperti (state(s), kindom, republic, union). Kingdom, state, republic dan union adalah kata benda, jadi tidak butuh article.
•Tidak ada article - Italy, Mexico, Bolivia
•Gunakan the - the UK, the USA, the Irish Republic
•Perhatikan! the Netherlands
a

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